Periodontal Disease

What is Periodontal Disease?

Gum disease is the most common dental disease.

It is characterised by:
  • Red swollen gums that bleed when they are brushed.
It is caused by:
  • The buildup of bacteria filled plaque around the edge of the teeth and the gums.

If this is treated early, the gums can return to a healthy state within a few days. However if it goes on undetected, it can develop into a more destructive bone disease called periodontal disease. In these cases, the bacteria burrow down between the gums and the teeth and cause the destruction of the bone surrounding the teeth.

The biggest concern:

  • The biggest concern about periodontal disease is that it is completely painless up until the time that there is very little bone around the teeth. At this time the mouth becomes painful due to the teeth being wobbly.
  • There is very little that can be done to treat the teeth at this stage apart from remove them.


The only way to properly diagnose periodontal disease is by a visit to the dentist.

Treatment involves a thorough cleaning of the teeth and under the gums. The dentist uses a local anaesthetic to make the procedure comfortable for the patient. Often, a referral to a specialist is needed. A strict maintenance program is needed to monitor and control periodontal disease. Your dentist will discuss your maintenance needs with you.

Recent research has now also shown possible links between periodontal disease and other diseases such as heart disease, pancreatic cancer and premature births.

Do you have any concerns about the health of your gums?

Contact Us today for a consultation appointment.